Due to the snow and dangerous travel conditions, services for the First Sunday after the Epiphany are cancelled at St. James Church.
Due to the snow and dangerous travel conditions, services for the First Sunday after the Epiphany are cancelled at St. James Church.
The first freely programmable computer was built in 1936 by a German engineer named Konrad Zuse. That computer became operational in 1941. Since then technology, as we all know, has made tremendous strides.
Now, every successive year brings new technology is that is faster, smaller and more efficient than the previous year’s tech. This movement toward greater technologies has created a great expectation that progress is linear through time, that is that things should improve and get better every year.
This expectation breaks down when it is applied to people. Since the beginning of the great recession, more work is expected out of fewer people for less money. That’s business, except people carry those same expectations outside of the workplace. We multi- task. We fill our schedules so that we’re busy all the time. People are not machines. Eventually, this kind of strain leads to breakdown. Physical breakdown. Mental breakdown. The breakdown of families. These breakdowns can lead to serious personal and social issues such as sexual dysfunction and chemical abuse.
Last week, I suggested that you submit yourself to Jesus, to let him help you form your thoughts, desires, goals and behavior. This week and over the next four sermons, I will talk about four traps, four false beliefs which bind us and prevent us from thinking and behaving as mature Christians. These traps and false beliefs are not new, the Bible has an answer for them all, however they are exacerbated by the pressures of living in a modern, increasingly secularized world.
The first trap is the performance trap. This trap is caused by the false belief that you must meet certain standards to feel good about yourself. The second trap is the approval addict. This person believes that they must be approved by others to feel good about themselves. The third trap is the blame game. Those who fall into that trap believe that those who fail are unworthy of love and deserve to be punished. The final trap is shame. Those who fall into that trap believe this about themselves, “I am what I am. I cannot change. I am hopeless” I will speak to each of these over the coming four Sundays. This week’s topic is the performance trap.
As I will discuss later in the sermon, the way out of these traps is spiritual maturity. You arrive at spiritual maturity through a very basic law, lex orandi, lex credendi. The law of prayer is the law of belief.
If you pray and worship, often and correctly, your mind will be transformed. God will work in you to transform your thoughts and desires, eventually effecting your behaviors and actions;
Present your bodies a living sacrifice a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world; but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind (Romans 12:1)
In the Gospel reading for the first Sunday after the Epiphany, Jesus stays behind at the temple in Jerusalem after His parents left for home. It seems strange to an overprotective parent a parent could go for a day without knowing that their twelve year old son was missing, but realize that the men and women in the caravan were traveling separately. Jesus could’ve been with either His mother or His father. Neither parent would’ve thought it was peculiar that He wasn’t around, until they reach home. I can hear Joseph now saying something like, “Mary, I thought He was with you.” To which Mary would respond, “No, I thought that He was with you.” Finding that Jesus wasn’t among the caravan, they trace their steps backward, in an effort to figure out just where Jesus could be.
And so these earthly parents turn toward Jerusalem, seeking Jesus. And on the third day, they find Him debating religious doctors in the Temple. Mary asks Jesus, “Why did you do this to us? Can’t you see that your father and I have agonizingly been searching for you?” And Jesus responds, “Why did you need to search? Didn’t you realize that I would be here in my Father’s house?” Then they went home to Nazareth, and Jesus was obedient to His parents.
As I’m learned as a parent, children become more self-aware and willful at 12 years old. Here, Jesus is realizing His purpose on earth, just like other 12 year old children. And He is becoming self-willed, but not sinful. As it states in the next verse, Jesus was obedient to His parents, just like the 5th commandment dictates.
Jesus was growing up, transforming into an adult. Growing up is a theme familiar to St. Paul. In our Bible Study in Ephesians you may recall that Paul said, “That henceforth we be no more children…” He tells us and the Ephesians to “grow up into him in all things…” We need to be mature in our faith.
Today’s collect for the First Sunday after the Epiphany itself contains a teaching on the meaning of prayer. Not every prayer is answered with a “yes” because not every prayer is according to His will. St James explains it this way, “Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts (James 4:3).” We should pray to determine God’s will and to learn what we “ought” to do. We should then seek God’s will to accomplish it. That is what St. Paul means in the Epistle by “presenting yourself as a living sacrifice.” He means seeking and doing God’s will. That’s what St. Paul means by renewing the mind, that is praying that we may perceive and do what things we ought to do.
Despite being baptized. Despite efforts to live and follow Jesus. Despite being washed in the Blood of the Lamb and being born again in Christ Jesus, our minds go places they ought not. Despite being restored to righteousness by Jesus, evil thoughts still flash through our brains that conspire to undo us.
In Colossians 2:8, St. Paul warns us, “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.” Don’t be spoiled by vain deceit, he says. That sounds a lot like today’s Epistle, “Don’t think of yourself more highly than you ought to think.” These thoughts are constant. St Paul himself recognized them in himself when he said, “For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I (Romans 7:15).”
A true mark of maturity is when we begin to test deceitful thoughts and their resulting behaviors against the Word of God.
One of the deceptions all of us tend to believe is that success will bring us happiness. We believe that we must meet certain standards in order to feel good about ourselves. This is the same deception that the serpent used to tempt Eve. “And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat (Genesis 3:4-6).” Eve fell to the deception, “If I meet this standard, then I’ll be happy.” The standard was wisdom and knowledge of good and evil, but it was a lie.
The consequences of falling for the false belief that you must meet certain standards to feel good about yourself range from fear of failure, to perfectionism, to the drive to succeed, to the manipulation of others to achieve success, to withdrawl from all healthy risks.
Eventually, our desire to succeed can lead to being driven beyond healthy limitations, leading to an inability to relax or enjoy life, let alone enjoy time with family and relationships.
Remember Mary and Martha?
Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus’ feet, and heard his word. But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me. And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things: But one thing is needful: and Mary hath chosen that good part, which shall not be taken away from her. (Luke 10:38-42).”
The good part, according to Jesus, was to be present in mind and body, to sit and listen. Instead, Martha was busy, troubled and resentful, trying to live up to some expectation of what it means to be a good host.
The result of believing the deception that our self worth is based upon meeting some standard can have heavy long-term consequences. When we feel we’ve been insulted or injured by others, we feel anger. Out of pride, we believe ourselves to be diminished and so we shift that responsibility to someone else. We can become depressed as a result of anger turned inward. We develop low motivation, believing in advance that we will fail no matter what we do, and so we believe that we have no reason to exert any effort.
Satan wants to deceive us. Satan wants to destroy us. Sometimes he accomplishes that through our own thoughts.
So what do we do? If you have fallen into the trap of believing that you and others only have value when certain standards are met, how do you get out of it?
God’s answer is this, justification by faith. “Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ… (Romans 5:1)” Justification means that not only has God forgiven you of your sins, but He has also granted you the righteousness of Christ. You are fully pleasing to the Father regardless of how you look, how smart you are, what kind of car you drive, who your parents are, or based upon anything that you’ve done in the past. None of that matters. You please the Father and have value because of what Jesus did on the cross. To overcome this trap, you must first realize that you are subcoming to the false belief. Then you must supplant that false belief with the truth, that is the truth contained in Holy Scripture. You must supplant it with prayer and worship until the truth of the Gospel is your belief. Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi. The law of prayer is the law of belief, or to put it another way, we believe what we pray. Then we develop a new outlook, we can start to see ourselves and others as God sees us and others.
St. Paul in the Epistle tells us not to be conformed to the world, which measures success by titles, records and dollars, but instead to renew your mind. He is telling us to have a new attitude. The new attitude comes from looking at everything in terms of God, instead of looking at everything from the self-regarding perspective which comes to us naturally.
The new attitude involves asking such questions as, “What does God want me to do here?” “What would the Christian response to this situation be?” “How can I best serve the interests of this other person?”
What St. Paul teaches about our sacrifice of ourselves is part of the celebration of Holy Communion also. In the long Prayer of Consecration on pages 80 and 81 of the Prayer Book, we begin by representing the sacrifice of Jesus under the forms of bread and wine, just as He taught us to do.
After the Word and the Spirit have made the bread and wine his Body and Blood, we join our sacrifice of ourselves to his sacrifice of himself. The dramatic climax of the prayer comes when I say, for all of us, “And here we offer and present unto thee, O Lord, our selves, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and living sacrifice unto thee.”
The point of all this should be obvious. We can never transform our minds, that is, take up the new God-regarding attitude, without help. The power we need both to want to make that sacrifice and actually to go ahead and do it comes from God.
That power flows from Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross, and we literally eat it and drink it at the altar rail. Later on we ask God to give us the help we need “to do all such good works as thou hast prepared for us to walk in.” You can only do those good works after you have made your own sacrifice the transforming of your mind, the offering of your whole selves, your souls and bodies, to do what God wants you to do.
When you believe that you are completely forgiven and fully pleasing to God, you no longer have to fear failure. As time goes on, you experience freedom from fear of failure and an increased desire to do the right things, that is to serve Christ and His Kingdom. You act out of love for Christ rather than out of some contrieved standard of achievement.
Christ is worthy of our love and obedience. The more we understand His Love and majesty, the more we praise Him and honor Him at the expense of everything else that seems to press upon us.
To avoid the deceptions of the world, the flesh and the devil, develop maturity. Test your thoughts against God’s Word. Seek to do the will of God. Pray that you might know what things you ought to do and ask for the power to faithfully fulfill the same.
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
As we enter the Christmas Season and prepare for the Grand Celebration of our Lord’s Incarnation, what a great time it is to think of the many blessings we have received as we reflect on this past year. As Presiding Bishop, I want to say how thankful I am for the wonderful and faithful Bishops, Priests and Deacons we have in our Province who give selflessly to their people and the work of the ministry. And so many do what they do and count it a joy with thankfulness to God for calling them to this work for His Kingdom. It is a joy to see the numbers of young men and in some cases their wives joining them as they make the commitment to take on the challenge of Seminary. God has truly blessed our Province as we see the next generation of clergy and lay people preparing themselves for the building of God’s Kingdom wherever they may be called to serve. I am truly thankful for the numbers of committed lay people in our parishes who have responded to the call to help financially support our Seminarians. Along with this support, likewise I appreciate the lay participation in our Domestic Lenten Fund to assist the clergy and their families as they take the leap of faith and relocate to another city to take on a struggling or new mission church.
This past year saw the dramatic increase in our Church as it has expanded into the central Andean Mountains of Ecuador. Through our partnership with Worthy Endeavors Missions, Inc., and Samaritan’s Purse the APA was invited to provide Episcopal Oversight to 32 Communities totaling 20,000 people of the Pastorale Indegenas of Ecuador, now of the Anglican Province of America in Ecuador. We, along with our Partners, were able to meet the leadership, both clergy and laity, and many of the people on a visit in November 2016.
Our Global Partnership in India continues to expand and the joint project of the APA with OM (Operation Mobilization) to build a school for the Dalit children is prepared for dedication. Our Mission Team, led by Vicar General David Haines, will be visiting Bishop Jaya Rao in February 2017 for this purpose and to visit many of the village churches we help support there. Our Partnership in Haiti continues to struggle with the disastrous weather conditions and governmental corruption. Fr. Mews continues to work heroically and now has a number of new deacons assisting him with the school and church. Our Philippine Church continues to grow under new leadership and efforts to work with the ACC in that country are ongoing.
October 2017 will bring a special event as we will be having joint Synods with four major ‘Traditional’ Anglican jurisdictions meeting in Atlanta, GA. This is a historical event which we pray will be a first step in bringing together into communio in sacris these jurisdictions as we seek to unify the Body of Christ. Your regular prayerful intentions are requested for the Joint Synod’s success.
Some of us have struggled in the past year with loss of loved ones in both family and parish. However, as Christians we have the assurance that our loved ones are in the loving arms of our Lord. Whatever losses, whatever disappointments we may have had, may this time of our Christian year inspire us all with renewed Hope and Vision remembering the Lord of the Universe is on our side and he does love us.
With Love to all and a Merry Christmas from Mary and me,
The Most Rev. Walter H. Grundorf, D.D.
Presiding Bishop, Anglican Province of America
Blessings and Peace to you all!
Synod 2016 Highlights
This is a follow-up to my Summary of the DEUS Synod in July 2016. You can read highlights on the APA webpage. There will be a slide show of pictures of the various activities during the Synod week on the webpage before long. The 48th Synod of the DEUS was well-planned and well-executed by the host parish St. Matthew’s Anglican Church, Riverview (Tampa) Florida. Anyone who has been involved in hosting a Synod knows how much effort is required and attention to detail needed to achieve success. Additionally, this Synod was one of the best attended in our DEUS history. Each year more and more people realize how important it is for the Diocese to come together to strengthen bonds. Likewise, meeting old friends and welcoming new clergy, seminarians and lay members is a part of the great fellowship of love we have always shared as a Diocese. It was such a pleasure to see the number of our men and particularly the young men who are in Seminary preparing for the ministry of our Church. It gives us great hope for the future of traditional Anglicanism!
One of the features of our DEUS Synods has been the special attention we pay to our clergy wives. This year was no exception with arrangements made by Debra Middleton, co-chairman of the Synod for a guided boat tour through the Hillsborough River viewing the beautiful homes and historic buildings along the way. The tour ended with a luncheon at the Columbia Restaurant on the Riverwalk. On Tuesday evening, July 12, the clergy, wives and other early arrivals to Synod were taken from the Sheraton Hotel by bus to St. Matthew’s Church for Evening Prayer followed by refreshments including heavy hors d’oeuvres in the parish hall.
Wednesday’s Opening Session was taken up with Diocesan business: elections, appointments, various reports along with financial reports and the adoption of a budget for 2017. The evening of the first day was completed with Evensong followed by a barbecue and entertainment by the “Boogalizers,” a blues band with St. Matthew’s own Greg Clark. To complete the Tampa Cuban tradition, there was an authentic cigar roller for all to see and enjoy.
Thursday was devoted to Developmental Sessions, with guest speaker, Bishop Kenneth N. Myers of Sherman, Texas. Bishop Myers spoke on his book Salvation (and how we got it wrong). Although the subject matter included a theological discussion of the ‘Atonement,’ which can be controversial because of its many faceted concepts, the Bishop kept the sessions interesting and engaging for all in attendance. The Sessions both morning and evening were to a full house. Bishop Myers’ books can be purchased on line from Amazon or from his website www.kennethmyers.net. All of the books he brought with him were sold as soon as they hit the table.
The Synod Eucharist was celebrated on Thursday evening in commemoration of the Feast of St. Bonaventure. The Banquet followed Happy Hour with entertainment by the Ladies of the Southern Company Chorus. The Synod concluded on Friday morning with a ‘Travelers Mass’ and the final session.
The concluding report was from the Domestic Mission Board led by board member Fr. Brad Cunningham along with Fr. Wade Miller reporting on the progress of our first ‘Domestic Mission Project’ St. Philip’s Church in Blacksburg, VA. The work at St. Philip’s Church has gone extremely well with the congregation excited about their prospects for the future. New people have come to the Church over the year, longtime members are energized by the good things happening and the physical building is being re-vitalized. We pray that our next Lenten project with also meet with such success. Bishop Bill Perkins is the Chairman of this Board.
Elections at the DEUS Synod
Standing Committee: Elected to serve a three- year term were: Fr. Brad Cunningham by the House of Clergy and Debra Middleton by the House of Laity. Elected to serve as President was the Very Rev. Gordon Anderson and as Secretary: Mrs. Karen Cozad. Rotating off the Standing Committee following their three-year term with our thanks were the President, Fr. Kevin Sweeney and Mr. Alex Constant. Mr. D.J. Fulton was re-elected as our Diocesan Treasurer.
Always a highlight at the Synod is to hear the Parish Reports and the good things that are happening. We are especially pleased to see the number of seminarians and congratulate the parishes who are involved in inspiring and sending men to seminary, particularly All Saints’ Church, Charlottesville, VA; St. Matthew’s Church, Weaverville, NC; and St. Alban’s Church, Joppa, MD. The Diocese is also involved in assisting those in seminary financially and I encourage all of you to be generous the Second Sunday in Advent for the Seminarian Sunday Collection.
Finally, great thanks goes to Fr. Kenneth Bailey, Rector of St. Matthew’s Church, Riverview, FL, as well as Tom and Debra Middleton, Co-chairmen of the Synod. Thank you to Nancy Bailey our official photographer and Fr. Greg Miller of St. Matthew’s Church, Weaverville, NC, our Synod organist.
If you wish to read the rest of the Bishop’s Epistle, please click on the following link which will take you to the Anglican Province of America Website;
In Sunday’s homily, I posed the question, “What does God hate?” A knee jerk reaction would be, “nothing,” since God is love (1 John 4:8), right? As a church, we must remind the people that God indeed is love, but He also hates sin and will judge sin with a fierce wrath. It says as much in Holy Scripture. King Solomon in the book of Proverbs, wrote
“These six things doth the Lord hate; yea, seven are an abomination unto him: a proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief, a false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren (Proverbs 6:16-19).”
Alice hates snakes. She hates them because some species of snake are dangerous. If a snake threatened Raven, you can be sure Alice’s “momma bear” would appear and that snake would not stand a chance.
God hates sin the same way that Alice hates a snake which threatens her child. God loathes evil and demonic forces that try to pull people down to a Godless eternity, just as a mother hates a poisonous snake.
God loves man. Compassion prompts God to loathe sin. God gave His best (Jesus) so that we may have the best (heaven) and eternal communion with God), thus, God abhors anything that seeks to foil our communion with Him (Sin, Satan, and eternal perdition).
After some self-reflection, you may respond, “Well I’m not guilty of any of that,” to which I refer you to the very first mentioned sin mentioned by King Solomon. Good for you, your thoughts of pride are your reward, however, if you are thinking, “What can I do about these traits of the heart?” there is an answer. You cannot do anything your own. God has already done the work for you.. St. Paul tells us, “Be not conformed to this world, but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind (Romans 12:2)” Acknowledge your sin, turn to Jesus, and follow Him only. Jesus comes into your heart. He transforms your heart, changes your nature so that you will love instead of hate. Gossip, slander, and maligning will no longer provide you pleasure.
Jesus, through His triumphant death on the Cross purchased a new life for us all. “I am come that they might have life (John 10:10),” He said, and, “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness (1 John 1:9).”
No matter our guilt, God will forgive you, because Jesus Christ (God become flesh in the person of Jesus) died on the Cross for our sins. God hates the evil in the hearts of men and women, but He loves you. God loathes the forces that lead to perdition, but God loves everyone with an infinite love. You must know that God does not force us to follow Him. Instead, He offers us a gift of love. It is up to each of us whether we accept this gift or not. Here is God’s promise to you, “But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become sons of God, even to them that believe on his name (1 John 1:12).”
For the Church
O GRACIOUS Father, we humbly beseech thee for thy holy Catholic Church; that thou wouldst be pleased to fill it with all truth, in all peace. Where it is corrupt, purify it; where it is in error, direct it; where in anything it is amiss, reform it. Where it is right, establish it; where it is in want, provide for it; where it is divided, reunite it; for the sake of him who died and rose again, and ever liveth to make intercession for us, Jesus Christ, thy Son, our Lord. Amen.
The Prayer for the Church originates from “A Summarie of Devotions,” written by Archbishop William Laud and first published in 1667. The prayer appeared in the American Prayer Book in the 1928 edition. It is among my favorite prayers, and I ask each of you to pray it as well.
When you pray, realize that Church is “Holy” because God calls it, sets it apart for His purposes, and fills it with the gifts of the Holy Spirit. In the prayer, the term “Catholic” applies to the Church as a whole, as the Body of Christ, and not in reference to a particular denominational portion of the Church.
I know that God hears our prayer and answers them, even regarding the Church. It is easy to find areas where the Church is in schism, and even heterodox, however, God appears to be pulling Orthodox Anglican Churches closer together.
Over the years, I’ve watched the APA and Reformed Episcopal Church (REC) cooperate. The REC administers the APA Clergy Pension Plan. REC Seminary in Philadelphia offers education tuition free to Anglican Postulants and Candidates.
In the last couple years, the APA and the Anglican Church in America (ACA) have moved closer to intercommunion. The APA now administers a Theological School, Logos House of Theological Studies, a school begun by the ACA but now serving the APA and ACA alike. Fr. William Martin, and APA priest, serves as the Academic Dean of Logos House.
If that were not enough, the ACC, APA, ACA, and the Diocese of the Holy Cross, all Orthodox Anglican jurisdictions, plan concurrent Synods in October 2017. St. Barnabus Anglican Church in Dunwoody, GA will host the APA Provincial Synod. God is moving to bring His Church together. God hears your prayers, and I encourage you to keep praying “For the Church.”
For more information about ongoing projects of the Fairfield Foundation, visit their website at http://www.
, and for more information about upcoming events at St. James Church, visit their website at St. James Anglican Church | Ancient Worship – Timeless Faith
“They continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.” – Acts 2: 42
Pentecost was an ancient Jewish harvest festival. Spring comes early to the Mediterranean. Fifty days after Passover, the first crops of the new year were offered to God. The regulations for the festival are set out in the 23rd charter of Leviticus. Jewish pilgrims from all over the world gathered in Jerusalem to observe Pentecost; “there were dwelling at Jerusalem, Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven,” says our Sunday’s Epistle lesson.
The offerings of Pentecost; lambs, and kids, and loaves of bread: were signs and tokens of the gratitude and faithfulness of God’s people. They were signs of obedience to God’s commandments. It was a festival in which God was worshiped as the author of “every good and perfect gift.”
In this setting of the Festival of Pentecost, the Christian Church was born. In an upper room, at Jerusalem, the small band of disciples awaited the fulfillment of Jesus’ promise of the Comforter. St. Luke describes the scene in the second chapter of the Acts of the Apostles:
And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
Wind and fire are ancient symbols of divine power and presence – The Breath of God, moving over the waters of chaos, producing the forms of life; breathing into lifeless clay, bringing forth a living soul; the breath of God in the Valley of Dry Bones, making those dry bones live. The fire of God: the refining and consuming fire of God’s wrath and God’s love, “A rushing mighty wind…and cloven tongues, like as of fire,” these are the mystical symbols of God’s coming in power.
Pentecost is for us a kind of harvest festival, an offering of the first fruits, The Word of God, sown in our hearts and minds, by the inspiration and guidance of the Holy Spirit, is brought to fruition, and we offer up to God the first fruits of the grace which He has given us.
Excerpt from Ecclesia Anglicana April 2016 edition;
William Wilberforce was a British politician and philanthropist who from 1787 was prominent in the struggle to abolish the slave trade and then to abolish slavery itself in British overseas possessions. He studied at St. John’s College at the University of Cambridge, where he became a close friend of the future prime minister, William Pitt, and was known as an amiable companion rather than an outstanding student. In 1780, both he and Pitt entered the House of Commons, and he soon began to support parliamentary reform and Roman Catholic political emancipation. In 1787, Wilberforce helped to found a society for the “reformation of manners” called the Proclamation Society (to suppress the publication of obscenity) and the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade, the latter more commonly called the Anti-Slavery Society. In 1789, he introduced 12 resolutions against the slave trade and gave what many newspapers at the time considered among the most eloquent speeches ever delivered in the Commons. The resolutions were supported by Pitt (who was by then prime minister), Charles Fox (Often an opponent of Pitt’s), and Edmund Burke, but they failed to be enacted into law, and instead the issue was postponed until the next Parliament. In 1791, he again brought a motion to the House of Commons to abolish the slave trade, but it was defeated 163 to 88. For the next 15 years, Wilberforce was able to achieve little progress toward ending the slave trade (in part because of the domestic preoccupation with the war against Napoleon). In 1807, however, he finally achieved success: on Feb. 23, 1807, a bill to abolish the slave trade in the British West Indies was carried in the Commons 283 to 16, and it became law on march 25th. The 1807 statute did not, however, change the legal position of persons enslaved before its enactment. In 1823, he aided in organizing and became a vice president of the Society for the Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of Slavery Throughout the British Dominions, again, more commonly called the Anti-Slavery Society. Turning over to Buxton the parliamentary leadership of the abolition movement, he retired from the House of Commons in 1825. On July 26, 1833, the Slavery Abolition Act was passed by the Commons (it became law the following month); three days later Wilberforce died. He was interred at Westminster Abbey.
Science. History. Anthropology. Deductive reasoning. Archaeology demands a lot of its devotees, but the payoffs can be epic, ranging from life-changing discovery to a new appreciation for very old cultures. If your child roams your backyard with a metal detector and a shovel, combs riverbeds for arrowheads, or dreams of being the next Indiana Jones, then our archeology day-camp may be just the break that your child — and your lawn — needs.
DIG HISTORY! At the Abingdon Glebe Archaeology Day Camp in Gloucester may be just the ticket. Located at the Historic Abingdon Glebe house, the camp offers children from fourth and sixth grades the opportunity to help excavate the Abingdon Glebe historic site. The camp will run from Monday, June 27th through Wednesday, June 29th. The last day of the camp includes a field trip to an active archeological dig in Jamestown. The camp begins at 10AM and ends at 3PM. The cost is $40 payable to St. James Anglican Church. Lunch is not provided, so please pack your child’s lunch.
To register, click on the following link and download the forms;
Bring the form with you the first day of camp.